generation (first generation born in Canada)
The 9 children of Samuel Papineau and Catherine Quevillon (see tree at the end of this page)
(3 girls, then 6 boys, all married, who at the 3rd generation had 93 children of which 50 were married)
At this second generation, most of the nine children and their spouses lived close to their original Côte-St-Michel,
on the island of Montréal.The two who moved to the south shore of Montréal were still only half a day away.
2.- Marie-Catherine, Montréal and Île-Jésus
3.- Marie-Louise, Montréal and Île-Jésus
4.- François, Chambly (south of Montréal)
5.- Pierre, Côte-St-Michel of Montréal (he kept the original homestead)
6.- Jean-Baptiste, Côte-St-Michel of Montréal (neighbour to Pierre)
7.- Joseph I, Old Montréal
8.- Michel, St-Charles-sur-Richelieu (south of Montréal)
9.- Jean-Louis, Île-Jésus
Joseph Papineau I dit Montigny (1719-1785), 7th child of Samuel Papineau dit Montigny
like his brothers, carried into his generation his father's surname of
Like his brother Jean-Baptiste, he could read and write, probably educated by their older sisters or by the nearby priests of Sault-au-Récollet parish or the Sisters of Congregation Notre-Dame residing there. Both brothers signed notarial contracts with Montréal merchants in 1743 as "voyageurs" to organize parties of canoes to take supplies to the French forts of the Great Lakes and do the fur trade. In a way they followed the tradition set by their father Samuel who in 1701 described himself as a "volunteer" which was the name given to the "coureur des bois" who did the fur trade for their own account
Thus Joseph travelled up the Ottawa River, portaged to Lake Nipissing, then down French River to Georgian Bay, across Lake Huron and Lake Michigan, all the way to Baie-des-Puants, today's Green Bay, Wisconsin, USA. This route encountered 18 falls and portages where they had to unload the canoes and carry them as well as the merchandises overland. He probably had as a companion the Indian Chief who gave him a gunpowder horn sculpted with a map of Canada and inscribed "À Joseph Montigny". This family heirloom was lost by his grandson André during the battle of the patriots at St-Eustache. His venture in the fur trade must have been tremendously successful. Before his marriage in 1749 he had accumulated considerable land in old Montréal and in the suburbs. We then find him in notarial deeds as an entrepreneur on Bonsecours street, in barrelmaking and wheelmaking crafts, businesses that he probably inherited fron his stepfather, Jacques Daniel, third husband of his mother Catherine Quevillon.
In latter years he identifies himself as "bourgeois of Montréal". He is very close to his neighbours, the Sulpician Priests, seignors of Montréal. They will help educate his children, one of them becoming a nun in the Sisters of the Congregation.
Joseph I will begin a lineage of remarkable political men.
"voyageur" at the fur trade. drawing by painter Suzor-Coté
merchant first had to obtain a permit from the Governor of
and hire a "voyageur" who recruited companions,
about 6 for each canoe. They loaded the great canoes, measuring from 30 to 40 feet and called Montréal canoes or rabaskas,
with bundles and barrels of goods and ammunitions to supply the forts and outposts of the Great Lakes.
They generally brought back the valuable furs for the merchants and, contrary to the "coureur des bois" were strictly forbidden to trade for their own account.
Papineau II ( 1752-1841), The Montigny surname is abandonned here.
Second child and first son of Joseph I, he enjoyed a classical education at the Québec Seminary. He became famous by running dispatches in 1776 from Montréal to Québec city which was under siege by the American general Benedict Arnold. After the Canadian victory, he was back in Montréal where he became public surveyor and notary. He was quite active in drawing up the petitions to London to obtain an elected democratic government. After obtaining the 1791 Constitution, he was elected four times member for Montréal between 1792 and 1810. He championed official recognition of the French language and the French laws and customs. He has been immortalized in the famous painting by Charles Huot that graces the walls of the Québec Parliament.
In 1801 he acquired on the Outaouais River the large "Seigneurie de la Petite Nation" and thus became its first "seigneur" to actively undertake its development. In 1817 he was to cede the best part of it, (roughly today Montebello), to his first born son Louis-Joseph and a large tract, (roughly today Papineauville and Plaisance), to second born son Denis-Benjamin who had managed the seigneurie many years for him and for Louis-Joseph. He died in 1841 while Louis-Joseph was in exile in France. Today he rests in the Papineau family chapel on the Manor grounds in Montebello.
Louis-Joseph PAPINEAU (1786-1871),
Like his father and all his brothers, he graduated from the Québec Seminary and then obtained his licence as a lawyer. He was five times elected between 1808 and 1837, president (speaker) of the Lower Canada Parlliament, president of the Canadian party later named "Patriote" party. Stalwart of a "representative and responsible government" he fought against colonial nepotism and corrruption. He used only democratic and peaceful measures to that end. That is until the provocations sponsored by the London banking establishment who wanted to secure their loans to heavily indebted Upper Canada by forcing its "Union" with Lower Canada, more populous and almost debt free. The duly elected representatives of the people were dismissed. The due process of the "habeas corpus" was abolished. The commissions of the French speaking officers of the militia and the French speaking justices of the peace and judges were revoked in favor of military tribunals. Far away troops drawn from the mercenaries of the European Napoleonic wars were hastened to Montréal. Ruffians were recruited as "Irregulars" and were given arms while the hate monging journalists of the Montréal Gazette called for the eradication of the French race. Thus the uprising of a good part of the people in the surrounding areas of Montréal in 1837. A bounty was offered by governor Gosford for the arrest of Louis-Joseph and his closest friends. Without means of defence, and despite an heroic victory on the redcoats at Saint-Denis, they had to flee to the United-States and Louis-Joseph then on to France to muster support for the French-Canadians.
Upon his return from Paris in 1845, only after all patriots had been graced, he took over the management and development of his "Seignory of Petite-Nation" until then done by his young brother Denis-Benjamin. The latter had obtained for Louis-Joseph that the government refunded the due salaries he had refused to take before 1837 because the funds had not been voted on by the elected parliament. With these monies he started construction of his Manor House in Monte Bello.
However he could not resist the political battlefield and was elected twice between 1847 and 1855 under the Union regime he had so much fought against.Today he rests in the family chapel on the grounds of the Manor house in Montebello.
(The only known drawind of him was done from memory after his death)
See Dictionary of Canadian Biography© Vol VIII, pages 678-680, by the University of Toronto.
his father and his brothers he studied at the Québec Seminary.
went immediately to look after his father's seignory until his
He the opened with a Parisian partner one of the first French library
Montréal: Bossanges et Papineau, which unfortunately later
down. When in 1817 his father gave him the western part of the Petit
seigmory, he undertook to settle and develop what became known as the
de Plaisance" and Papineauville. At the same time he managed the
for his brother Louis-Joseph during his political activities as well as
during his seven years of exile.
He will be twice elected in the Ottawa constituency where the Petite-Nation seignory is situated. Between 1842 and 1847, he will be Land Commissionner and twice joint First Minister of Canada, representing Lower Canada under the Union which was the Canadian constitution between 1840 and the 1867 Confederation Act.
We are indepted to him in particular for the successful "Papineau Bill", a unanimous request by a divided parliament to Queen Victoria seeking the abolishment of article 41 of the Union Act forbidding the official use of the French language in parliament. This was achieved in 1849, when Governor Elgin also gave part of his inaugural speech in French, much to the ire of the local English extremist mobs who, excited by the Montréal Gazette editorials, burned down the Parliament buildings.
His brother Louis-Joseph barely escaped the inferno and saw years of accumulated archives go up in smoke.
In 1846 Denis-Benjamin negotiated with the United States the very contentious Oregon border, a treaty which was most likely signed in Washington in his presence by the new governor Lord Elgin on his way to take his post from London to Canada.
Denis-Benjamin, as manager and developer of the Petite Nation area for over thirty years, had suffered from the lack of local legal authority. So despite the vicious opposition of the clerical forces, in what was called the war of the extinguishers, he managed to have enacted the first effective legislation on municipal organization and publicly financed education.
Today he rests with most of his family in the Papineauville cemetary.