Samuel Papineau dit Montigny, 1670-1737
and Catherine Quevillon, 1686-1781
1.0 in hommage to the first ancestor BELOW in this page 1.1 the beginning of the saga, from Montigny to La Rochelle1.2 a perilous voyage, from La Rochelle to Montréal
1.3 soldier of the "Troupes de la marine"
1.4 settler and militiaman at Côte-St-Michel of Montréal
1.5 Catherine Quevillon's ancestors
1.6 life in Montréal in the times of Samuel Papineau 1.7 research, analysis, documentation 1.7.0 searching for Samuel Papineau 1.7.1 seeking Montigny in Poitou 1.7.2 historical overview of Poitou 1.7.3 Huguenot ancestors or not 1.7.4 the "Détachements de la Marine" 1.7.5 the enigma of captain d'Andrésy 1.7.6 captain Charles Henri d'Aloigny, marquis de La Grois 1.7.7 the Papineau family of Bordeaux and La Rochelle 1.7.8 the Papineau family of Niort in England and USA 1.7.9 epilogue for the first generation
1.8 iconography related to the first generation.
1.9 bibliography related to the first generation.
This young eighteen year old boy growing up in the sweet landscapes of his native France could not imagine that his descendants would one day number by the thousands and, three hundred years later, be found all around the world.
How could he guess that his son, Joseph Papineau dit Montigny, would travel to the center of a new continent, that his grandson, Joseph Papineau, would be called a "father of the homeland", and that one of his great-grandsons, Louis-Joseph Papineau, would be nominated by historians as the most outstanding political man in Canadian history, while his brother, Denis-Benjamin Papineau, will be co-Prime Minister of this country which inspires awe and fear?
It would have been necessary first that he crossed an inhospitable sea towards a wild part of the world, that he survived its wars, that he settled there to take wife and start a family.
At this moment, Samuel Papineau returns slowly from Bressuire's market astride his sure-footed Poitou mule. He already sees the wings of the windmill and the smoke of the chimney of his home of La Papinière in the village of Montigny when he hears the distant noise of a gathering in the church yard. Then he hears the familiar drum roll which indicates that there is again a levy of soldiers. As there are very few volunteers, the recruits are conscripted in drawing lots by the authorities of cities and villages. This recruit will then go to ports of embarkation to form a new company of the Troops of Marine bound for Canada.
"Again! Really, our dear governor in Poitiers exaggerates! Let us get closer to see which of my friends will be his victim this time. It will certainly not be me because I am still very young for the recruit of 1688 ".
Events will soon give him an unexpected answer.
1.0 IN HOMMAGE TO THE FIRST ANCESTOR
This page pays hommage to an 18 year old young Frenchman who became the first ancestor to Papineau families of Québec and their cousins all over the world.
SAMUEL PAPINEAU dit MONTIGNY
MONTIGNY in POITOU, FRANCE, 1670
MONTRÉAL, NOUVELLE-FRANCE, 1737
per mare et terras .... by land and by sea
(standards of the 17th century French marines)
WE BEGIN THIS STORY WITH AN 18 YEAR OLD FRENCH VOLUNTEER SOLDIER WHO CAME TO NEW FRANCE IN 1688 IN A COMPANY OF "LES DÉTACHEMENTS DE LA MARINE", THE FORERUNNERS OF PRESENT DAY "MARINES".
HE WARRED FOR PEACE DURING 10 YEARS UNDER COMTE DE FRONTENAC ALONG THE ST-LAWRENCE VALLEY ALL THE WAY TO THE GREAT LAKES AND WAS DISCHARGED IN 1698.
HE TOOK ROOTS IN 1699 WHEN HE OBTAINED FROM THE SULPICIANS, WHO WERE THE 'SEIGNEURS' OF MONTRÉAL, A TRACT OF LAND AT 'CÔTE-ST-MICHEL' ON THE ISLAND OF MONTRÉAL WHERE HE LIVED FOR THE REST OF HIS LIFE.
IN 1704, AT AGE 34, HE MARRIED CATHERINE QUEVILLON, THE 18 YEAR OLD WIDOW OF ST-AMANT, HIS SOLDIER FRIEND AND NEIHBOR.
THEY HAD 9 CHILDREN BETWEEN 1705 AND 1726, WHO GAVE THEM 93 GRANDCHILDREN.
THEIR DESCENDANTS, HUMBLE OR GLORIOUS, NUMBER BY THE THOUSANDS AND CAN BE FOUND BOTH IN HISTORY BOOKS AND NOW ALL OVER THE WORLD.
THIS SITE ALSO TELLS THE STORY OF A FEW OF THEM.
The author, Jean-Yves Papineau in year 1988
and the soldier Samuel Papineau dit Montigny in year 1688, as drawn by Francis Back.
and from a 17th. century watercolor (aquarelle) of two soldiers of the French Troupes de la Marine. This is the most autentic representation of what Samuel Papineau dit Montigny would have looked like on his departure from France in April 1688.