Papineau-Histoire-Qc.ca
    PAPINEAU of Quebec    
                 
and other places.

     1.7.8  Papineau of Niort, in England and in the USA
           in the 17th. and 18th. centuries.

 

I was quite surprized and satisfied in this spring of 2000  to find with the help of our genealogist friend in Niort, madame Marguerite Morisson, a complete set of archives of the ancestors of Jean Papineau, this young Huguenot who emigrated to New - England at the end of the 17th century and begun a lineage called today in the United States: Popenoe and Poppino.
We had studied together in 1998 an exhaustive compilation by Reverend Rivière titled: The golden book of the Protestants of Poitou, giving the background of thousands of Huguenots.
One of them was Jean Papineau, merchant of Niort and "elder" at the temple, fined for refusing to send his numerous children to the catholic offices after he had reportedly abjured his calvinist faith.

U.S.A. Papineau/Popenoe/Poppino.

After two years of research we found four Papineau generations up to 1700, and that several members of this lineage of Niort had found refuge in England, wherefrom Jean Papineau, born in 1678, had left for New-England roughly in 1698. There he exploited with Gabriel Bernon, a trader of La Rochelle, and Michel Grignon, a chamoiserie or wash leather factory in New-Oxford, Massachussett.
This could suggest that his three ancestors always identified as merchants in Niort, were also of this profession which made the fame of Niort, to the extent that there is today in Niort a museum of chamoiserie.

Married by 1700 with Charlotte Bouniot, a frequent name in Niort and in Vendée, they had two sons, Jean and Pierre, one of them recorded as baptized in the Calvinist church of New York.
New-England America born Jean Papineau founded the Poppino lineage, and Pierre Papineau that of the Popenoe families.

Oliver Popenoe of New York, a retired American diplomat, contributed to the success of these researches because he had sifted through Gabriel Bernon's account books in the Archives of the State of Rhode-Island in Providence and thus gave us the first lead to La Rochelle and to Niort.
To see his Web site which will reflect these findings: <http://www.popenoe.com>

The pleasure of this discovery is increased by the fact that Amédée Papineau, son of canadian patriot Louis-Joseph Papineau had made this research in vain and corresponded with the American Popenoe family in 1894, as had the best known Papineau genealogist, Lt.-Colonel Denis-Benjamin Papineau up to 1963, always unsuccessfully.
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ENGLAND Papineau 

There is left to discover the descendants of the Niort born Papineau children who, according to Reverend Rivière, fled to England in the early 1700s. We have the birth certificates in Niort for all of them, so it shoud be possible to find trace of them. A good place to start would probably be in the archives of the French Calvinist churches of London, in as much as these Papineau were very religious people. 

It seems that some descendants of these Papineau from England emigrated to Canada and the U.S.A. in more recent times.
There is also evidence of possible members of the Niort-England Papineau in Australia. Most likely one of them lived in Singapore where he became the editor of popular travel books. Herewith his advertising. I have a copy of his 15th. edition in 1984 of Papineau's guide to Thailand.
 
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The most ancient record of the name Papineau was found for year 1535 in the church registries of the Island of Oléron, situated a little to the south of La Rochelle. This lovely island could well be the common Papineau cradle.

According to a correspondence between an early American Popenoe and the late father Archange Godbout, founder of the French-Canadian genealogical society, the latter states that in the 17th century, Montigny and Bordeaux were rather of catholic obedience while Niort and La Rochelle were rather of Protestant obedience. Oléron however was mostly catholic.
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Attached is a list of church and notarial records and a preliminary tree of the family of Jean Papineau of Niort.